Millas compares history teaching in Greece and Turkey, two countries with different social and religious historical legacies. In this case study he shows that in spite of their different historical backgrounds these countries adapt resembling approaches in coping with the past and their national identity. By presenting the related developments, Millas demonstrates that the dynamics that determine the understanding of history and its teaching in these societies are influenced by the international milieu, contemporary ideologies, and bilateral political relations. The issue of history teaching also causes tense debates among academics and other social groups. With reference to his experience in teaching in the two countries, Millas shows how he has coped with prejudices and stereotypes vis-à-vis the “other”.