The Archaeology of Knowledge

Articulates the notion of a radically discontinuous history, proposing in particular an "archeology of knowledge" radically different from conventional "history of ideas." "The archeology of knowledge prefers to deal with anonymous structures within which individual works are inscribed. . . . The leading categories of the archeology of knowledge . . . do not have to be brought to a level of utterance that brings into play individual speakers responsible for what they say." (#Ricoeur, Time and Narrative, 3:217‑19, at 218) Ricoeur offers some telling criticisms of Foucault's argument, taking issue for example, with Foucault's insistence on linking an emphasis on "continuity of memory" to the views that a single constituting subject governs history (3:219). (Abstract via Allan Megill)