K. libknekht o zakonakh istorii

Compares the theories of one of the founders of German communism, Karl Liebknecht (1871-1919), as expressed in his 'Studien über die Bewegungsgesetze der Gesellschaftlichen Entwicklung' [Studies on the laws of social development] (1922), with the views of Karl Marx and finds that Liebknecht came to different conclusions from Marx regarding such topics as the understanding of history and the theory of value and added value. Liebknecht believed in the universal interaction between the inner world of the individual and the outer phenomenological world, whatever the social or cultural level of the individual's time or place, thus establishing an unbreakable connection between the individual and the eternal, cosmic world. He did not accept Marx's theory of socioeconomic formations, but he recognized the soundness of the older theorist's dialectics, practical political doctrine, and ultimate aim of the authentic organization of humanity's socioeconomic existence.