Constructing Identity and Power in History Education in Ukraine: Approaches to Formation of Peace Culture

Treating history education as a tool that creates an attachment to national identity and acceptance of cultural and political institutions, this chapter analyzes the construction of identity and power in history education in Ukraine. Korostelina outlines the theoretical foundations of two major functions of history education—the creation and redefinition of the meaning of national identity and the support and legitimization of power—and shows the role of mythic narratives in this process. Based on semi-structural interviews with history teachers and observation in classrooms, the chapter presents the conflictive mythic narratives used by history teachers to develop particular connotations of identity and power. The chapter concludes with recommendations for the development of peace culture in history education.