Rosa and Brescó review the role of history teaching in a world where the idea of state sovereignty fades away and the notion of social pact—usually conceived to be bounded within national borders—is felt shaking. If history teaching aims at preparing students for active participation in multicultural societies within an increasingly globalised world, the role of nations as the prominent historical agents for understanding current affairs needs to be revised. What skills does this new scenario demand? History of what? History of and for whom? Drawing on these questions, the authors advocate a history teaching devoted to studying the transformation of social agents and Statehood, and concerned with the rights and empowerment of citizenship, rather than centred on national narratives of the expanding and shrinking size and power of each state.