Historie narrative et histoire Structurelle dans l'historiographie positiviste du XIXe siecle // [Narrative history and structural history in positivist historiography in the 19th century]

The term "positivist historiography," principally with reference to France, may refer either to the retrospective sociology called for by Auguste Comte or to the monographic history and publication of documents which triumphed in the universities in the late 19th century. Hippolyte Taine, who styled himself a positivist historian, wrote a form of structural history, but in an incomplete, rather metaphorical manner, looking for the essence of historical change in psychology. The "positivist" university historians wrote narratives, even though in theory this entailed committing the sin of subjectivity.